National Law University Delhi
(Accredited in 'A' grade with a score 3.59 on a four point scale by NAAC) 
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Centre for Communication Governance at NLU Delhi


The Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University Delhi (CCG) was established in 2013 to ensure that Indian legal education establishments engage more meaningfully with information law and policy, and contribute to improved governance and policymaking. CCG is the only academic research centre dedicated to working on the information law and policy in India and in a short span of time has become a leading institution in Asia.


Through its Civil Liberties team, CCG seeks to embed human rights and good governance within information policy and examine the evolution of existing rights frameworks to accommodate new media and emerging technology. It seeks to protect and expand freedom of speech, right to assembly and association, and the right to privacy in the digital age, through rigorous academic research, policy intervention, capacity building, and strategic litigation. The Technology and National Security team looks at the role of international and domestic law in India’s national security matters from a legal and policy perspective, with a particular focus on cybersecurity and cyber conflict. It aims to build a better understanding of national security issues in a manner that identifies legal and policy solutions that balance the legitimate security interests and national security choices with the constitutional liberties and the rule of law.


We engage regularly with government institutions and ministries such as the Law Commission of India, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Ministry of External Affairs and the Ministry of Law and Justice. We work actively to provide the executive and judiciary with useful research in the course of their decision-making.


The Centre authors the Freedom House's annual Freedom on the Net - India Report and organises the South Asia Rounds of the Price Media Law Moot Court Competition and the Law, Media and Technology Symposium every year.


CCG organises an annual International Summer School with the Hans Bredow Institute and the Faculty of Law at the University of Hamburg in collaboration with the UNESCO Chair on Freedom of Communication at the University of Hamburg and the Global Network of Internet and Society Research on contemporary issues of information law and policy. We are the Regional Hub for Berkman Klein's Lumen Databaseand has built an online information law and policy teaching and learning resource along with PCMLP, University of Oxford at ccgtlr.org.


We have built an extensive network and routinely work with a range of international academic institutions and policy organisations. These include the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford University, Columbia University's Global Freedom of Expression and Information Jurisprudence Project, the Hans Bredow Institute at the University of Hamburg, the Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy at the University of Oxford and the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania.


Our work has been influential in critical debates in India on issues such as intermediary liability and we assisted in the landmark judgment of Shreya Singhal v. Union of India regarding free speech over the Internet in which the Supreme Court struck down the infamous section 66A of the IT Act. The Centre's report on Online Intermediaries in India which was part of the Berkman Klein led Network of Center's Project on Intermediary Liability was submitted to the Court by the lawyers and was extensively referred by them. The Centre played a critical role in the recent net neutrality debate, where language from its submission was adopted by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) in its regulations on differential pricing. We also assisted the legal teams in the cases of Subramanian Swamy v. Union of India and Gaurav Sureshbhai Vyas v. State of Gujarat.


The Centre assisted the Law Commission of India in organising its biggest ever public consultation, which discussed the issue of Media Law reforms and members of our staff were consultants with the Law Commission on issues of hate speech and media laws and the electoral reforms report. We have been a part of major global Internet governance processes including the United Nation's General Assembly World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS+10) Review, the World Conference on International Telecommunications and the NTIA IANA Functions' Stewardship Transition. Principles from our submission to the UNGA WSIS+10 Review made it into Outcome Document.


CCG has raised substantial funding since its inception, from various international funding agencies and foundations and government departments including the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to support its research and capacity building activities.


Sarvjeet Singh is the Executive Director of the Centre and Smitha K. Prasad is an Associate Director. You can contact us at ccg@nludelhi.ac.in and additional details about the Centre are available at ccgdelhi.org


Name Designation E-mail ID
Mr. Sarvjeet Singh  Executive Director & Centre Head  sarvjeet.singh@nludelhi.ac.in
Ms. Chinmayi Arun  Faculty Director chinmayi.arun@nludelhi.ac.in
Ms. Smitha K. Prasad Associate Director smitha.prasad@nludelhi.ac.in
Ms. Suman Negi Consultant (Finance) suman.negi@gmail.com
Ms. Taruna Pal Office Administrator taruna.pal@nludelhi.ac.in
Mr. Mahesh Singh Office Assistant mahesh.singh@nludelhi.ac.in

RESEARCH & POLICY INPUTS BY THE CENTRE FOR COMMUNICATION GOVERNANCE, NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY - DELHI
  1. Research Paper on Online Intermediaries in India for the Berkman Centre for Internet & Society at Harvard University and the Global Network of Interdisciplinary Internet & Society Research Centers.
  2. Research Paper on the Gatekeeper Liability and Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution of India published in Volume 7 (2) of the NUJS Law Review.
  3. Research Paper on Paper-Thin Safeguards and Mass Surveillance in India published in Volume 26(2) National Law School of India Review.
  4. Essay entitled Empowering the Marginalised: Tales of the Digital Good Life published in Digital Asia Hub, Hong Kong’s book on The Good Life in Asia’s 21st Century.
  5. Research Paper on Situating the Right to be Forgotten in the Framework for Information Privacy Law and Data Protection.
  6. Research Paper on Article 19(1)(A) and Google Search: Preliminary Lessons.
  7. Working paper on Evaluating MLATs in the Era of Online Criminal Conduct
  8. The Freedom on the Net: India Country Report 2014 for Freedom House.
  9. A report on the Indian Surveillance Framework to feed into a Privacy International Project on surveillance regimes across the globe.
  10. Policy response to the Consultation on International Public Policy Issues, pertaining specifically to the Working Group on Enhanced Cooperation (WGEC).
  11. Policy response to the Law Commission of India in response to its Consultation Paper on Media Laws.
  12. Inputs to the World Intermediary Liability Map Project: India Section undertaken by the Centre for Internet & Society at Stanford Law School.
  13. Policy response to the Department of Telecom Committee on Net Neutrality.
  14. Counter- Comments to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India’s Consultation Paper on Regulatory Framework for Over the Top (OTT) Services.
  15. Written comments to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information Technology on Net Neutrality.
  16. Comments in response to TRAI’s Consultation Paper on Differential Pricing for Data Services.
  17. Counter Comments in response to TRAI’s Consultation Paper on Differential Pricing for Data Services.
  18. Comments in response to TRAI’s Consultation Paper on Cloud Computing.
  19. Memorandum on Free Basics and Net Neutrality submitted to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information Technology.
  20. Comments in response to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India's (TRAI) Consultation Papers on Free Data.
  21. Comments to the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India on the Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2015.
  22. Submitted Memorandum and presented views at a physical meeting to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India in response to a Consultation Paper on Issues Relating to Media Ownership.
  23. Memorandum to Rajya Sabha Committee on Petitions in response to a Petition Praying for a Check on Cyber Pornography.
  24. Paper entitled Preliminary Findings on Online Hate Speech and the Law in India as a part of a Harmful Speech Project being undertaken by the Berkman Klein Centre for Internet & Society at Harvard University in collaboration with the Center for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi, the Digitally Connected network, and in conjunction with the Global Network of Internet & Society Centers.
  25. Report entitled Multistakeholderism in Action: Analysing Indian Engagement at Global Internet Governance Institutions 2011-2015
  26. Note entitled Aadhaar Act as a Money Bill- Judicial Review of Speaker’s Determination Concerning Money Bills
  27. The Freedom on the Net: India Country Report 2016.
  28. The Freedom on the Net: India Country Report 2017.
  29. Paper entitled Human Rights in the WSIS Process: The Notion of Interdependence and Indivisibility as a Way Forward. Published in the NALSAR Student Law Review (Volume 10).
  30. Approach paper entitled Research and Policy Approaches to Internet Shutdowns, Privacy and Net Neutrality.
  31. Compilation of Incidents of Internet Shutdowns in India (since 2012). The first version of this compilation was presented to the Supreme Court in the case of Gaurav Sureshbhai Vyas v. State of Gujarat & Ors, Special Leave Petition (Civil) 601/ 2016.
  32. Working paper entitled Evaluating MLATs in the Era of Online Criminal Conduct.
  33. Responses and recommendations to the TRAI Consultation Paper on Privacy, Security and Ownership of the Data in the Telecom Sector.